Self-evaluation versus public evaluation

Dec 18, 08 Self-evaluation versus public evaluation

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Self-evaluation versus public evaluationA review of:Chambers, J. R., Epley, N., Savitsky, K., & Windschitl, P. D. (2008). Knowing too much: Using private knowledge to predict how one is viewed by others. Psychological Science, 19(6), 542-548.by Abby B. Stevens People often find it difficult to predict how others perceive them. Chambers, Epley, Savitsky, and Windschitl (2008) hypothesize that the knowledge that individuals have about themselves (e.g., specific faults they possess, how they behave in a given situation, etc) is often detrimental to their ability to predict how others perceive them. Chambers, et al. (2008) performed multiple experiments to test this hypothesis. One experiment examined the extent of impact an individual’s private practice trial had on their self-evaluation of their public performance on a given task. This would additionally impact how that individual believed their performance was to be viewed by others. Results found that the individuals perceived their public performances to be better when they improved from the practice trial and that they perceived their performances more negatively when they did more poorly in the public performance. Individuals who performed better than expected anticipated higher ratings from observers in the public trial than those who performed worse than expected. Another experiment involved individuals who were under the impression that their performance on a task was significantly below average compared to peers. They were to predict how an evaluator would rate their performance. Individuals were judged either by their own individual observer or by an observer who also judged other members in their group. Surprisingly, individuals who were observed privately did not take into account that observers were unaware of other group members’ scores. Therefore, individuals who were observed both privately and publicly predicted observers would evaluate them negatively. In a final experiment, participants were asked to realistically imagine themselves performing some task, and it was hypothesized that this would produce an assimilation effect (individuals who imagined a positive performance would expect others to view the performance as positive, and those who imagined a negative performance...

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